# Root Calculator

## Square Root Calculator

## Cube Root Calculator

## General Root Calculator

In mathematics, the general root, or the **n**^{th} root of a number **a** is another number **b** that when multiplied by itself **n** times, equals **a**. In equation format:

^{n}√a = b

b^{n} = a

### Estimating a Root

Some common roots include the square root, where **n** = 2, and the cubed root, where **n** = 3. Calculating square roots and **n**^{th} roots is fairly intensive. It requires estimation and trial and error. There exist more precise and efficient ways to calculate square roots, but below is a method that does not require a significant understanding of more complicated math concepts. To calculate √a:

- Estimate a number
**b** - Divide
**a**by**b**. If the number**c**returned is precise to the desired decimal place, stop. - Average
**b**and**c**and use the result as a new guess - Repeat step two

EX: | Find √27 to 3 decimal places |

Guess: 5.125 27 ÷ 5.125 = 5.268 (5.125 + 5.268)/2 = 5.197 27 ÷ 5.197 = 5.195 (5.195 + 5.197)/2 = 5.196 27 ÷ 5.196 = 5.196 |

### Estimating an n^{th} Root

Calculating **n**^{th} roots can be done using a similar method, with modifications to deal with **n**. While computing square roots entirely by hand is tedious. Estimating higher **n**^{th} roots, even if using a calculator for intermediary steps, is significantly more tedious. For those with an understanding of series, refer here for a more mathematical algorithm for calculating **n**^{th} roots. For a simpler, but less efficient method, continue to the following steps and example. To calculate ^{n}√a:

- Estimate a number
**b** - Divide
**a**by**b**^{n-1}. If the number**c**returned is precise to the desired decimal place, stop. - Average:
**[b × (n-1) + c] / n** - Repeat step two

EX: | Find ^{8}√15 to 3 decimal places |

Guess: 1.432 15 ÷ 1.432 ^{7} = 1.405(1.432 × 7 + 1.405)/8 = 1.388 15 ÷ 1.388 ^{7} = 1.403(1.403 × 7 + 1.388)/8 = 1.402 |

It should then be clear that computing any further will result in a number that would round to 1.403, making 1.403 the final estimate to 3 decimal places.

## Square roots table

x |
âˆšx |
---|---|

0 | 0 |

0.25 | 0.5 |

0.5 | 0.70710678 |

1 | 1 |

2 | 1.14121356 |

3 | 1.73205081 |

4 | 2 |

5 | 2.23606798 |

6 | 2.44948974 |

7 | 2.64575131 |

8 | 2.82842712 |

9 | 3 |